What is TAVR?

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement, or TAVR, is an advanced, minimally-invasive procedure. During a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR), a surgeon inserts a catheter (a long, thin, flexible device) into an artery in the groin or chest. Gently the interventionalist navigates the catheter into the beating heart. On the tip of the catheter is a stent with a tiny, collapsed valve. Once in place, the stent is used to expand the valve, pushing the old valve out of the way. The new, expanded valve starts working immediately. The procedure lasts about 90 minutes, and patients wake with renewed blood flow throughout their bodies.
“I had my life saved here.”
Beatrice Sankey was back on her feet the same day her valve was repaired.
What is TAVR?

  • TAVR stands for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
  • During a TAVR procedure, a flexible device (a catheter) is used to replace a heart valve
  • The catheter is inserted into a tiny opening in the leg or chest
  • Then a interventionalist gently maneuvers it into the beating heart and uses it to repair the valve
Benefits

  • Unlike traditional surgery, TAVR can be performed while the heart is still beating and without surgically separating the breastbone.
  • TAVR is the safest option for patients who are too old or too sick for traditional open heart surgery.
  • Valves replaced with TAVR perform better than valves replaced with traditional open heart surgery, according to a trial of more than 2,000 patients.
  • Patients usually feel better immediately, and are discharged in two to three days.
Who Might Consider TAVR

  • TAVR is FDA approved for people with symptomatic aortic stenosis and who are considered to be a high risk for standard valve replacement surgery.
  • It’s reserved for people who cannot undergo traditional open-heart surgery.
  • It’s safe for people who are well into their 80s and 90s.

Is TAVR Right for You?

Right now, TAVR is reserved for people who cannot undergo traditional open chest surgery due to their age or health. Physicians perform a series of tests to determine if patients will benefit from this procedure. These tests include:

  • Confirmation of a patient’s diagnosis by two cardiac surgeons
  • An echocardiogram of a patient’s heart to determine the size of the patient’s aortic valve
  • A special CT scan to get a closer look at a patient’s heart valve
  • A diagnostic cardiac catheterization to assess the condition of a patient’s coronary arteries

At many hospitals, these tests can take several months to complete. At Lourdes Cardiovascular Institute, they can be done in a few days to weeks.

Related Information

TAVR

Why Choose Lourdes Cardiovascular Institute?

At some institutions, preoperative testing can take months. At Lourdes Cardiovascular Institute, we determine a patient’s eligibility within days, and can schedule patients for surgery within weeks of their first appointment. We’re one of only a handful of hospitals across the nation that are approved to perform TAVR.